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India, The country lends a great diversity in her natural beauty and landscape - may it be the snow-covered Himalayan peaks or the scorching Thar Desert of Rajasthan or the vast indo-gangetic plains or the tropical southern peninsular. Her diversity also lies in the coexistence of 900 million people from various religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam. The architecturally wonders of the monuments like the Taj Mahal, the forts of Rajasthan, the beautiful temples spread all over the country speak volumes of a reach heritage. The aesthetic traditions are still observed in its full intensity which keeps the society still intact.

Every town, city and village has a rich past to boost of. Fairs and festivals tours make the country a fantasy destination for Foreigners. Being once in India is not enough to fulfill the desire of this fantasy land.

India Facts and Figures

India is a vast expanse of cultural, traditional and religious diversity 2933km (1821 miles) from east to west and then 3214 km (1995 miles) from the Himalayas in the north to the southern tip at Kanya Kumari. The country is a vivid kaleidoscope of landscapes, magnificent historical sites and royal cities, golden beaches, majestic mountain retreats, colourful people, rich culture and gala festivals. A destination larger than life which you never feel tired of exploring more and more. India is a union of 28 states and 7 union territories, including Delhi as National Capital Territory. Each and every state has its own unique tourism product to offer to the visitor.

Geographically the country is divided into five zones which are as follows:

  • North: Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Delhi.
  • South: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, Lakshadweep, Pondicherry, Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
  • West: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, Daman & Diu, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh.
  • East: Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Jharkhand, Sikkim.
  • The North Eastern states comprise Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.

Useful Things To Know

Official Name

Republic of India

Population

1252 million (2013 census)

Area

3.3 million square km

Geographical Location

Lies between latitudes 8 4 and 37 6 north longitudes 68 7 and 97 25 east

Coastline Length

7,600km

Languages

18 major languages, 844 dialects, English is widely spoken

Major Religions

Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Parsi, Judaism

National Anthem

Jana Gana Mana written by Rabindranath Tagore — Nobel Prize Laureate. First sung in 1911 at the Congress Session at Calcutte. It has a playing time of 52 seconds.

National Emblem

Replica of the lion Capital of Sarnath

National Flag

Horizontal tricolour with saffron on top, white in the middle with blue chakra having 24 spokes and green at the bottom.

National Bird

Peacock

National Flower

Lotus

National Tree

Banyan

National Fruit

Mango

National Game

Hockey